Testing HTTP Callouts from Async Apex throws "System.CalloutException"
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Testing HTTP Callouts from Async Apex throws "System.CalloutException"

Apex , Platform

Last updated 2022-02-10 ·Reference W-7926165 ·Reported By 154 users

Fixed - Spring '21

Summary
Testing HTTP Callouts from Async Apex fails after inserting a CollaborationGroup or SetUp objects like User , ContentVersion, and it throws "System.CalloutException"
Exception: System.CalloutException: You have uncommitted work pending. Please commit or rollback before calling out. The error also depends on sObject, Class version, and org shape

Repro
- Create the following classes and Run/Execute the test "CalloutAccountsTest".

- Class 1:
========
@isTest
public class SingleRequestMock implements HttpCalloutMock {
protected Integer code;
protected String status;
protected String bodyAsString;
protected Blob bodyAsBlob;
protected Map<String, String> responseHeaders;

public SingleRequestMock(Integer code, String status, String body,
Map<String, String> responseHeaders) {
this.code = code;
this.status = status;
this.bodyAsString = body;
this.bodyAsBlob = null;
this.responseHeaders = responseHeaders;
}

public SingleRequestMock(Integer code, String status, Blob body,
Map<String, String> responseHeaders) {
this.code = code;
this.status = status;
this.bodyAsBlob = body;
this.bodyAsString = null;
this.responseHeaders = responseHeaders;
}

public HTTPResponse respond(HTTPRequest req) {
HttpResponse resp = new HttpResponse();
resp.setStatusCode(code);
resp.setStatus(status);
if (bodyAsBlob != null) {
resp.setBodyAsBlob(bodyAsBlob);
} else {
resp.setBody(bodyAsString);
}

if (responseHeaders != null) {
for (String key : responseHeaders.keySet()) {
resp.setHeader(key, responseHeaders.get(key));
}
}
return resp;
}
}

- Class 2:
========
@isTest
public class CalloutAccountsTest{

@testSetup static void testData() {
CollaborationGroup cg = getCollabGroup();
insert cg; // comment or uncomment this line to test the behavior.
}

public static testmethod void testAccountCallout() {
SingleRequestMock fakeResponse = new SingleRequestMock(200,
'Complete',
'[{"Name": "sForceTest1"}]',
null);
Test.setMock(HttpCalloutMock.class, fakeResponse);

Test.startTest();
System.enqueueJob(new QueueableClientAPI());
Test.stopTest();
}

public static CollaborationGroup getCollabGroup(){
CollaborationGroup cg = new CollaborationGroup();
cg.Name='Unit Test Group-1';
cg.CollaborationType='Public';
return cg;
}
}

- Class 3:
========
public class CalloutAccounts {
public static List<Account> getAccounts() {
HttpRequest req = new HttpRequest();
req.setEndpoint('http://api.example.com/accounts');
req.setMethod('GET');
Http h = new Http();
HttpResponse res = h.send(req);
String jsonData = res.getBody();
List<Account> accounts =
(List<Account>)JSON.deserialize(jsonData, List<Account>.class);
return accounts;
}
}

- Class 4:
========
public class QueueableClientAPI implements Queueable, Database.AllowsCallouts {

public void execute(QueueableContext context)
{
System.debug('*******before CalloutAccounts.getAccounts()*********');
CalloutAccounts.getAccounts();
}
}

Workaround
Update the Call out apex class api version to less than 34.0 (Example: In the above repro, the class CalloutAccounts should be less than 34)

Reported By (154)

Gerhard Newman Sarat Chandra Wendy Liu Kelsey Moran Robert Sindall Łukasz Starus Nick Brown dharmateja sudunagunta Identigral Staff Richard Blackwell Gabriel Andrade Aguilar Patryk Żak Alissa Murphy Marko Schmalenbach Guilherme Miranda Alexander Goriachnick Manu Voramontri Chris Matos Jonathan Jacobs Kevin Fernando Irina Ivanova Flavio Caetano Patterson Scott Kris Goncalves Uladzislava Kandratsiuk Patrick McAndrew Dan S Karol Krawczyk 晋也 多田 Saurabh Deep Jeanne Saindon Christy Braaten Grzegorz Laskowski Marty Kopka Mordechai Behar Marco Almodova Tena Wolver Rahul A Marcin Łuczyński Abilash Kosigi Harry Belinga Jana Lena Deufel Thiago Barbosa de Souza Willian Batista Trevor Roy Timothy Hughes Nic Edwards Tony White Meir Hauser Thales Agostini Ribeiro Batista Takahiro Sato 千登 橘 Hirokazu Morii Fabien Seneca Guillaume CRAMOISAN Moriyama Sanya Torsten Rost Carsten Hennig Hideaki Akimoto (MCS) erik isaksson 勇也 冨樫 Andreas Bäckman Erik Ivarsson Srinivasan K R Dan S Kalai Mohan Steve Barrickman Ben Bettin Sync User Karthik Nallajalla Connor Hindley Mujahid Mohamed Jeff Freeman Mike Havrilla Sonal Gupta Fred Wade Derrick Ejan John Chambers Filip Rafałowicz Jacob Langlois 管理者(HPD) システム Andrea Fernandez de Segovia Chase Kaiser James Browne Eugene Mutya Matthew Souther Rasmus Zimmer Nielsen sys admin Benjamin Lörincz Kevin O'Hara Premanand Natarajan Ravi Vuyyuru Sushmita Kar Rohit Macherla Nicolás Gomez Maurício Yokoyama Issei Fabio Wustemberg Germano Delphine Foo-Matkin A R Michael Vacchina Hanrry Cardoso Lucas Bearden si MALAKOFF Maciej Dudek Salesforce Admin Miguel Gámez Sancerni Piotr Promiński Damon Shaw Chezi Burak Dan Niyazov Gunther Roskams Renato De Vico Rajiv Mohanty Danijel Turković Hina Basantani Rahul Aeran Fabian Manzano Guilherme Lopes Christoph Eschweiler Jonathan Scheid Ben Falter Alexis Rafesthain Andrew Mann Adrian Bruno Gaston Suarez Jeremias Tomé Agustin Cesar Dorigo satish bommineni Ihor Horchynskyi Rittu Roy Sfdc Dev Mark Klinski Francisco Marcos Christopher Glass Anna Leniart Paweł Kołątaj Kyle Kopps Nathan Wenslaff Gil Grencho John Thompson T Ha Nic Edwards Kai Amundsen Ruslan Kozlovskyi Taras Shevchuk Bohdan Dovhan Petr Svestka Timo Müller Frank Shaw Harshal Sakpal Scott Bub (MCS) Steven Lyons Brett Gilbert Phillip Southern

Is it Fixed?

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